email@example.comOnline Decision Support Systems (DSS’s) provide guidance in managing disease and insect pests using weather based forecasting models. These DSS’s predict pest development and risk of infection/damage. Weather data can be acquired from either on-site weather stations or by virtual gridded data. For 2017, Massachusetts apple growers have a choice of four DSS’s, which are briefly outlined here.
Crop insurance for apples is available in all Massachusetts counties. Crop insurance for peaches is available in Hampshire, Hampden, Middlesex & Worcester counties. Peaches in other Massachusetts counties may be insured by Written Agreement (a process completed by a licensed Federal Crop Insurance agent using existing actuarial data from neighboring counties) if specific criteria are met. If crop insurance is not available, similar protection may be available through the Non-insured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) from the USDA - Farm Service Agency (FSA) Office that serves your farming operation. All other fruit crops may be insured through a Written Agreement or NAP.
This year has been one of the most challenging in the history of Massachusetts farming. We saw record low temperatures in February that wiped out the 2016 peach crop followed by extreme low temperatures in April followed by an extreme drought. All farmers suffered losses on almost every crop either by lower yields and/or increase operating expenses. Every farmer got a chance to evaluate their risk management plan. Did they have coverage and was it at the right level?
2016 Drought Status and Related Information -
As of Sept. 16, 2016 the US Drought Monitor is reporting over 98% of Massachusetts is in a state of Moderate to Extreme Drought. See: http://droughtmonitor.unl.edu/Home/StateDroughtMonitor.aspx?MA. Extreme Drought (area shaded in red) now extends across the state to Western Mass and covers over 50% of the land area of the state.
Fruit growers can now fight insects and disease from the palm of their hands with technology developed at Clemson University and in collaboration with scientists from Cornell University, the University of Massachusetts, Penn State University, the North Carolina State University, and the University of Georgia.