Research Needs and Potential Effects of Biomass Crops on Pest Management
Arthor(s): Prasifka, Jarrad R., Gray, Michael E.
Source: Journal of Integrated Pest Management, Volume 3, Number 4, 2012 , pp. C1-C5(5)
Projected demand for one billion or more tons of plant biomass for ethanol and other uses may be partially met using crop residues, but >10 million ha of perennial grass and tree crops also may be needed. Limited research has been conducted on management of insects in biomass crops, but agricultural change on a scale of several million hectares indicates established or emerging pests will have impacts on management in both perennial and annual crops. For crops without significant food or feed uses (primary-use biomass crops), immediate research needs are general because little is known regarding their insect herbivores and insect-transmitted pathogens or their effects on biomass.
Integrated pest management – can it contribute to sustainable food production in Europe with less reliance on conventional pesticides?
Arthor(s): Hillocks, Rory J., Cooper, Jerry E.
The adoption of IPM is the main pillar of the strategy to decrease pesticide use while maintaining or expanding present levels of European food production. This paper supports this approach in principle, but argues that the rapid pace of pesticide withdrawals will decrease farm output and/or the profitability of farming. After a brief discussion of the current issues in the EU, the authors list a suite of conclusions that concisely describe the present situation with an eye to future needs and outcomes.
Challenges in integrated pest management for Massachusetts cranberry production
Arthor(s): Sandler, H.A.
This article covers the history of IPM in cranberry production from its introduction in 1983 through support of a scouting program by the University of Massachusetts-Amherst.
During the past 25 years, IPM has come to mean much more than simply sweep netting for insect pests and installing pheromone traps. This paper describes the history of IPM in Massachusetts, the challenges of managing a dynamic and expansive pest complex in a suburbanized environment, and the research that has supported and promoted sustainable cranberry production in Massachusetts.
Publication date: 2008
Farmers’ perceptions of cotton pests and their management in western Kenya
Arthor(s): Charles A.O. Midega, Isaac M. Nyang’au, Jimmy Pittchar, Michael A. Birkett, John A. Pickett, Miguel Borges, Zeyaur R. Khan
Cotton production in western Kenya is severely affected by insect pests, resulting in poor yields in spite of the growing demand for the commodity. This study was conducted to (1) evaluate farmers’ knowledge and perceptions of cotton pests; (2) examine farmers’ current practices in managing cotton pests; (3) identify pest management challenges and intervention opportunities in order to develop efficient integrated pest management (IPM) approaches. Many farmers were only able to identify pests descriptively while a few mentioned them by their local names. These results indicate a need to develop an IPM approach based on farmers’ practice of mixed cropping that also creates a learning platform to enhance farmers’ knowledge and sharing on pests of cotton and their management.