My research and teaching interests can be broadly classified as micro-econometrics. Much of my research focuses on firm/farm decisions from production to off-farm employment. Previous research focused on the farm family labor decisions, productive and allocative efficiency for dairy and cranberries in Massachusetts, costs and returns for dairy, cranberries and CSA farms, marketing alternatives, consumer food choices, and retail price models. Recently I have analyzed the landscape tree growth, costs, and returns for different nursery production methods. With support from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, we established field trials in Massachusetts and New Hampshire to determine whether alternative soil saving technologies can compete with the traditional field grown (balled and burlap) production method. I also contribute analysis of dairy costs and returns to the Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources tax credit program. New research projects are being developed that consider how stormwater runoff affects home values.