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2019 Apple Maturity Report

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2019 Apple Maturity Report

All observations from UMass Orchard, Belchertown, MA unless otherwise noted

Questions, comments: Jon Clements 413-478-7219

Note: target maturity indeces: red color, >50%; firmness, >14 lbs.; soluble solids, >12; DA, 0.60 to 0.40 for Honeycrisp, 0.65 for Gala, 1.00 for Golden Delicious, 1.15 to 1.00 for Red Delicious (higher DA = more "green"); starch index, 4-6.

date Cultivar pre-harvest drop fruit diameter inches color % red firmness lbs soluble solids DA Index starch index comments Image
16-Sept RubyMac few 3.3 99 13 10.7 NA 5 (4-6) Ready for harvest big-time, very attractive Mac even though numbers not that great! RubyMac 091619
16-Sept Lindamac McIntosh yes 3.2 85 14 11.4 NA 5 (4-6) Drop has become significant w/o ReTain Lindamac McIntosh 091619
16-Sept Buckeye Gala nil 3 90 17.5 11.8 0.23 4-7 Some cracking oberved, needs to be harvested ASAP Buckeye Gala 091619
16-Sept Honeycrisp yes 3.4 65 14 11.9 0.57 5-7 By all measures ready for harvest on red color, treated with ReTain, finish over next week Honeycrisp 091619
16-Sept Cortland nil 3.6 55 17 10.6 NA 1.5  Don't even think about harvest for another week Cortland 091619
11-Sept Royal Red Honeycrisp yes 3.5 90 14 13.6 0.46 7 Very nice, but drop significant with no ReTain Royal Red Honeycrisp 091119
date Cultivar pre-harvest drop fruit diameter inches color % red firmness lbs soluble solids DA Index starch index comments Image
9-Sept Lindamac McIntosh few 3.2 90 16 11.3 NA 4.5 Nice , could be picked Lindamac 090919
9-Sept Buckeye Gala nil 2.9 85 17 10.8 0.38 2-7 First pick done, should come off trees this week Buckeye Gala 090919
9-Sept Honeycrisp some 3.4 65 15 12.4 0.76 4-7 Have not advanced in maturity that much from last week Honeycrisp 090919
9-Sept Blondee none 3.1 NA NA 11.4 0.29 3-6.5 Ready for harvest, very nice and clean crop when thinned properly Blondee 090919
date Cultivar pre-harvest drop fruit diameter inches color % red firmness lbs soluble solids DA Index starch index comments Image
2-Sept Lindamac McIntosh few 3.2 65 18 11.1 1.64 3-4, maybe 5 OK if looking for a green-tasting Mac Lindamac Mcintosh 090219
2-Sept Buckeye Gala none 3 95 20 10.5 0.61 3-6, mostly 4 Wait until end of week for 1st pick Buyckeye Gala 090219
2-Sept Honeycrisp few 3.3 80 16 12.7 0.48 4-7 Definitely ready for 1st pick based on nice red skin color Honeycrisp 090219
2-Sept Minneiska (SweeTango) nil 3.3 70 17 13.3 0.29 3-5 Nice, definitely start harvest and continue over next week (if you got them!) SweeTango 090219
2-Sept Akane nil 3.1 85 17 12.6 0.38 6-7 Need to be picked ASAP akane082719
2-Sept River Belle (DS-22) some 4.3 55 16 12.4 0.43 4-7 About as nice as I have ever seen them, off top-worked trees, hint of bitter pit and water core showing up River Belle 090219
2-Sept Ginger Gold none 3.3 0-20 18 12.3 0.61 4 Very nice, truly finally ready to harvest, does not starch test well but getting here Ginger Gold 090219
2-Sept Zestar! few 3.4 55 14 13.5 0.40 3-7 Won't get any better, harvest now Zestar! 090219
date Cultivar pre-harvest drop fruit diameter inches color % red firmness lbs soluble solids DA Index starch index comments Image
27-Aug Ginger Gold none 3.2 5 18 11 1.23 1-2 could go another week; does not starch test well; very nice crop and appearance gingergold082719
27-Aug Minneiska nil 3.2 55 14 11.8 0.41 2-3 could use another week to develop variety (SweeTango) flavor, but OK right now; some watercore; apples really pop on the trees minneiska082719
27-Aug Akane nil 3 70 15 12.6 0.76 5 (4-6) typical Akane, just OK, very fine flesh texture, recommend for cooking/processing only akane082719
date Cultivar pre-harvest drop fruit diameter inches color % red firmness lbs soluble solids DA Index starch index comments Image
26-Aug Paulared some 3.3 70 14 10.8 1.3 3.5 to 6.5 typical Paulared, which is not saying much; some watercore; DA does not work paulared082619
26-Aug Sansa nil 3 60 16.5 14 0.08 4-6 definitely ripe; light, spotty crop (biennial); lots of what appears to be stink bug injury sansa082619
26-Aug Zestar! few 3.1 45 15.5 11.8 0.74 4-6 heavy crop; kind of "meh in terms of flavor, albeit attractive apple; softish nmouth fell, when have better in this season (next!) zestar082619
26-Aug Premier Honeycrisp some 3.4 65 14 12.7 0.50 5-7

very nice, spot on; red color is definitely striped

premierhoneycrisp082619