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Apple IPM - Obliquebanded Leafroller

See pdf version link above for illustrated fact sheet

Obliquebanded Leafroller (Choristoneura rosaceana)

Overview:

Obliquebanded Leafroller (OBLR) attacks mainly apple and occasionally pear, peach, and cherry. Larvae feed on fruit skin, often close to the apple stem or where two apples are in contact. OBLR roll up leaves and hide in these shelters. Injuries occurring early in the season cause pronounced deformations of the fruit and are impossible to differentiate from the damage of green fruitworms. Late season fruit feeding causes small pits in the fruit surface that may go undetected until after long-term storage.

ID/LifeCycle:

  • Adult moths are light beige, often tinged pink with tan to chocolate colored bands running across the width of their bodies. Larvae are yellowish green to olive green with head capsules varying from light brown to black, with many possible shades inbetween. Adult females are approximately 24mm (0.94 inches) in length (tip to tail). Males are smaller, measuring approximately 20 mm (0.79 inches) in length.
  • Obliquebanded leafroller (OBLR) overwinters as second or third instar larvae wrapped in close fitting cocoons (hibernacula). In the spring, larvae leave their hibernacula and feed on opening buds. OBLR pupates at the feeding site. This lasts from 10 to 12 days. Adults emerge around mid-June. Adults mate and eggs are laid on leaves shortly thereafter. Once larvae hatch, they move to new leaves to feed and eventually pupate. Adults emerge in late August, mate, and lay eggs. The resulting larvae will overwinter as second or third instar larvae.

Damage:

Overwintered OBLR larvae feed on developing shoots, leaves and fruits. Young fruits that are damaged by larvae either, abort before maturity or can remain on the trees but are grossly deformed. This latter damage is indistinguishable from that caused by green fruit worm feeding. Summer-generation larvae feed on foliage and ripening fruits. Fruit feeding leaves the surface pitted with shallow tunneling. If left unchecked, this generation can cause damage at harvest that may not show up until later, in storage.

Management Strategies:

Monitoring:

Scout for larval shelters from tight cluster to petal fall. Examine 10 bud clusters per tree for OBLR larvae and apply the bioinsecticide - Bacillus thuringiensis, kurstaki (e.g., Dipel™) if more than 3% of the clusters examined are infested. Monitor OBLR adults with pheromone traps and use a degree-day developmental model to time insecticide sprays against hatching larvae.

Cultural/Biological:

  • Thinning of fruit and pruning water sprouts in midsummer is helpful in reducing fruit damage.

Chemical:

  • Refer to the New England Tree Fruit Management Guide for specific materials and rates recommended for managing Oblique Banded Leafroller.
  • Thinning of fruit and pruning water sprouts in midsummer is helpful in reducing fruit damage.
  • Pre-bloom applications, beginning at tight-cluster of apple, of materials containing Bacillus thuringiensis, kurstaki (DiPel, Javelin, etc.) may reduce populations of larvae when they are still small. Pre-bloom applications of other insecticides should only be considered when OBLR damage has been historically high.
  • When making petal fall insecticide applications, be sure to choose a material that is effective against larger OBLR larvae (Bt is not effective against larger larvae).
  • Time insecticide applications to target summer-generation larvae, not adults. Use trap capture information to determine best timing of Bt for newly emerging larvae and other materials for later instar larvae.
  • Apply insecticide starting at 360 DD (base 43F) after 1st adult trap capture. This pest may require 2-3 sprays 10-14 days apart.
  •  If repeat spray applications are needed, rotate insecticides from different IRAC groups to reduce the chance of resistance development in the pest.

 

Date: March 2020

Author(s): Elizabeth Garofalo and Jaime Piñero, UMass Extension


Visit our website:  https://ag.umass.edu/fruit

Additional information available on the MYIPM app:  https://apps.bugwood.org/apps/myipmseries/


Note:This information is for educational purposes only and is reviewed regularly for accuracy. References to commercial products or trade names are for the reader’s information. No endorsement is implied nor is discrimination intended against similar products. For pesticide products please consult product labels for rates, application instructions and safety precautions. The label is the law. Users of these products assume all associated risks.
This work was supported in part by funding provided by USDA NIFA Extension Implementation Program, Award No. 2017-70006-27137

 

Author: 
Elizabeth Garofalo, Jaime Piñero, Sonia Schloemann - UMass Extension
Last Updated: 
Mar 28, 2020