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Greenhouse Updates: Oct 6, 2016

Leaf Distortion on Poinsettia
Oct 6, 2016

Various types of leaf deformation may occur on poinsettia. Often, the damage begins when the leaves are very small. As plants grow, the mature leaves cover the damaged young leaves, so plants are still marketable.

Branches that develop after pinching may develop a few distorted and misshapen leaves. Environmental stresses, overhead fertilization with phosphorus fertilizers, or abrasion may lead to distorted leaves. This season, the very warm temperatures in early August, may have contributed to this phenomenon. Changes in temperature and humidity as plants are moved from propagation to finishing houses lead to leaf distortion. It is thought that rapid changes in humidity, result in an accumulation of salts along the leaf margins and veins, resulting in leaf injury. This distortion becomes apparent as the injured leaves grow and expand.

Often, thrips feeding is blamed for distorted leaves. However, with thrips feeding you will see white scarring. (See photo) Poinsettias are not a favored host of thrips, however, they may migrate from spring bedding plants, garden mums or weeds unto the poinsettias. Fortunately, this feeding damage is not visible by the time the plants are ready for sale.

Leanne Pundt, UConn Extension and Tina Smith, UMass Extension