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48-Hour Queen Project

Testing Queen Rearing Methods in the Northeast


High quality queens are critical for healthy hives. And for beekeepers who live in northern climates like Massachusetts, there is evidence that northern-adapted queens are better for winter survival. If northern beekeepers raised their own queens, or purchased queens from local queen rearers, it could improve the health of our bees and the sustainability of beekeeping in New England. However, traditional methods of queen rearing are complicated and resource-intensive; at the same time, simpler queen rearing methods like walk-away splits may produce sub-par queens. (Though there has been little research on the emergency queens produced through walk-away splits.) 


In 2019, queen rearers Ang Roell (They Keep Bees, Montague MA) and Sam Comfort (Anarchy Apiaries, Hudson NY) approached UMass Extension because they wanted to study these simpler queen rearing techniques. With funding from a Northeast SARE Partnership Grant, we launched this research project in the spring of 2020. 


Our goal was to test whether queens produced through simpler methods (walk-away splits and an abbreviated 48-hour grafting technique) are indeed lower quality that traditionally-reared queens. We raised queens using all three methods (traditional, 48-hour and walk-away) and compared queen take, size and reproductive characteristics between groups. Overall, during the summer of 2020, we reared 314 queens, and sent a subset of 51 queens to the Tarpy lab in North Carolina for analysis. 


Surprisingly, we found no difference in queen quality between the three groups. This suggests that more research should be done on walk-away splits and 48-hour grafting techniques - and that these methods could be viable queen rearing strategies in New England. 


Stay tuned for results, a fact sheet, and a short video about this project!


Read more about the project on Northeast SARE's website, here


Ang Roell and Bi Kline evaluate queens

Sam Comfort evaluate queens

Queens ready for shipment to the Tarpy Lab